Syndrom mrtvého koně

11. října 2005 v 22:38 | Petr Šnajdr |  Management
Syndrom mrtvého koně je jistý druh slepoty, která může postihnout stejně tak webdesignera jako vrcholového manažera. Léčit ho je krajně obtížné a nekdy až nemožné. Poprvé jsme na něj narazil v jeho anglofonní podobě při jedné z lekcí z projektového managementu.
Fotografie Tomáš Hruš: "Mrtvý kůň" z cesty na Pamír
(http://www.kmp.vslib.cz/lide/hrus/index.php
)

Vše začíná moudrostí pradávných předků, kteří aby přežili, museli přemýšlet prostým a efektivním způsobem. A tak indiánský kmen Dakotů má prý jedno hezké přísloví:

Když zjistíš, že jedeš na mrtvém koni, sesedni!

V reálném životě a zejména tom profesním, lidé volí i další strategie. Například tyto:
  1. říkáme: Vždyť ten kůň vždycky jezdil�"
  2. založíme pracovní skupinu pro analýzu koně
  3. zapřáhneme několik mrtvých koní k sobě, aby se jim společně lépe táhlo
  4. navštívíme jiná místa, abychom se podívali, jak se tam jezdí na mrtvých koních
  5. obstaráme si větší bič
  6. vyměníme jezdce
  7. zvýšíme standard kvality pro jízdu na mrtvém koni
  8. vytvoříme výbor pro oživení mrtvého koně
  9. vypracujeme srovnávací přehledy různě mrtvých koní
  10. upravíme kritéria, podle kterých se určuje, zda je kůň mrtvý
  11. zaplatíme externí specialisty, aby jezdili na mrtvém koni
  12. prohlásíme, že žádný kůň nemůže být natolik mrtvý, aby se na něm ještě nedalo jezdit
  13. vypracujeme studii, abychom zjistili, zda pro tento problém existují levnější poradci
  14. zakoupíme něco, po čem bude mrtvý kůň běžet rychleji
  15. nasedneme na svého starého slabého osla a zamaskujeme ho mrtvým koněm
  16. nařídíme přesčasy a nosíme mrtvého koně sami
  17. restrukturalizujeme stáj
  18. zdvojnásobíme příděly krmení
  19. prohlásíme, že mrtvý kůň byl už od samého počátku naším cílem
  20. povýšíme jezdce
  21. budeme zapírat, že jsme kdy nějakého koně vůbec měli
  22. sedneme si a budeme čekat, až se kůň sám zvedne�
  23. dáme mrtvému koni řídíci funkci
Boj proti mrtvým koňům je náročným sportem, který si může vyžádat poměrně značně energie. Zatím nejzásadněji se s mrtvými koňmi vypořádali v Ottavě. Tam prý plati dokonce zákon, že v neděli je zakázáno po Yong Street táhnout mrtvého koně. Zdali je to pravda nevím, ale zdali to pomáhá i proti syndromu mrtvého koně bych dost pochyboval.

Ps. Text jednotlivých bodů je s několika menšími modifikacemi přepsaný z české verze vtipu jejimž nejsem autorem a která je hrubým překladem verze anglické. Jakékoliv jiné podobnosti jsou čistě náhodné
 

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A final note: In constructing an introduction, make sure the introduction clearly reflects the goal or purpose on the assignment which the thesis presents not only the topic to be discussed but also states a clear position about that topic that you simply will aid and acquire throughout the paper. In shorter papers, the introduction is usually only an individual or two paragraphs, nevertheless it is usually several paragraphs within a longer paper.
For Longer Papers
Although for short essays the introduction is usually just 1 paragraph, longer argument or research papers may require a a bit more substantial introduction. The very first paragraph would probably consist of just the attention grabber and some narrative about the problem. Then you may possibly have a single or greater paragraphs that supply background for the main topics in the paper and current the overall argument, concluding with your thesis statement.
Below could be a sample of an introduction which is less effective given that it doesn’t apply the principles discussed higher than.
An Ineffective Introduction
Almost everyone makes use of math during their entire lives. Some people use math to the job as adults, and others put to use math when they were being kids. The topic I have chosen to write down about for this paper is how I use math in my life equally as a child and as an adult. I use math to balance my checkbook and to budget my monthly expenses as an adult. When I was a child, I utilised math to run a lemonade stand. I will be talking a lot more about these things in my paper.
Inside introduction over, the opening line does not serve to grab the reader’s attention. Instead, it can be described as statement of an obvious and mundane fact. The second sentence is in addition not very particular. A further effective attention grabber may point out a precise, and perhaps surprising, instance when adults use math in their daily lives, in order to display the reader why this is these as important topic to consider.
Next the writer “announces” her topic by stating, “The topic I have chosen to jot down about…” Although it is necessary to introduce your distinct topic, you intend to avoid making generic announcements that reference your assignment. This technique is not really as sophisticated and may distract the reader from your larger purpose for creating the essay. Instead, you might just try to make the reader see why this is like an important topic to discuss.
Finally, this sample introduction is lacking a clear thesis statement. The writer concludes having a vague statement: “I will be talking a great deal more about these things in my paper.” This kind of statement may be referred to as a “purpose statement,” in which the writer states the topics that will be discussed. However, it is not really yet working as a thesis statement for the reason that it fails to make an argument or claim about those topics. A thesis statement for this essay would clearly tell the reader what “things” you will be discussing and what point you will make about them.
Now let’s search at how the earlier mentioned principles is often incorporated far more effectively into an introduction.
A A good deal more Effective Introduction
“A penny saved is usually a penny earned,” the well-known quote by Ben Franklin, can be an expression I have never pretty understood, considering the fact that to me it appears to be that any penny-whether saved or spent-is continue to earned no matter what is done with it. My earliest memories of earning and spending money are when I was ten years old when I would sell Dixie cups of too-sweet lemonade and bags of salty popcorn to the neighborhood kids. From that early age, I learned the importance of money management along with the math skills involved. I learned that there ended up four quarters inside a dollar, and if I bought a non-food item-like a handful of balloons-that I was going to really need to come up with six cents for every dollar I spent. I also knew that Kool-Aid packets were being twenty five cents just about every or that I could save money and get 5 of these for a dollar. Today, however, money management involves knowing much more than which combinations of 10-cent, five-cent, and one-penny candies I can get for a dollar. Proper money management today involves knowing interest rates, balancing checkbooks, paying taxes, estimating my paycheck, and budgeting to make ends meet from month-to-month.
Around the first of all line the writer takes advantage of a well-known quotation to introduce her topic.
The writer follows this “attention-grabber” with distinct examples of earning and spending money. Compare how the exact details for the second example paint a superior picture with the reader about what the writer learned about money as a child, rather than this general statement: “As a child, I second hand math to run a lemonade stand.” During the initial introduction, this statement leaves the reader to guess how the writer utilized math, but from the second introduction we can actually see what the child did and what she learned.
Discover, too, how the reader makes the transition from the lessons of childhood to the real focus of her paper during this sentence: “Today, however, money management involves knowing….”
This transition sentence effectively connects the opening narrative to the main point in the essay, her thesis: “Proper money management today involves knowing interest rates, balancing checkbooks, paying taxes, estimating my paycheck, and budgeting to make ends meet from month-to-month ." This thesis also maps out for that reader the main points (underlined in this article) that will be discussed within the essay.
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